Hyperdontia is a condition that causes too many teeth to grow in your mouth. These extra teeth are sometimes called (supernumerary teeth)
They can grow anywhere in the curved areas where teeth attach to your jaw. This area is known as the dental arches.
The 20 teeth that grow in when you’re a child are known as primary, or deciduous, teeth. The 32 adult teeth that replace them are called permanent teeth. You can have extra primary or permanent teeth with hyperdontia, but extra primary teeth are more common.
The exact cause of hyperdontia is unknown, but it seems to be associated with several hereditary conditions, including: Gardner’s syndrome. A rare genetic disorder that causes skin cysts, skull growths, and colon growths. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
No actual symptoms but individuals may experience:
swelling on gum
symptoms similar to baby teething
The good news is that hyperdontia can’t cause serious problems and it’s usually not too painful. Nonetheless, the extra teeth in the mouth can put pressure on a patient’s jaw and gums, thus causing them to swell.
The treatment for hyperdontia is dependent on the type and position of the supernumerary tooth and how it affects the adjacent teeth. It is best to consult your dentist for the right treatment plan.
The Supernumerary Tooth May Require Removal Especially When:
-Delayed eruption of the central incisor
-Evident altered eruption or displacement of central incisors
-Proximity with an active orthodontic alignment of an incisor
-Compromise the secondary alveolar bone grafting in cleft lip and palate patients
-A tooth is in the designated bone for implant placement
The spontaneous eruption of supernumerary has occurred